seasons recommended for visiting
Sri Lanka, which lies close
to the equator, is characterized by
tropical climate and is blessed with
There are two Monsoons in Sri Lanka:
between May and August, when the western
and southern parts are under the
influence of monsoon. Region's dry
season is from December to March.
From October to January the northern and
eastern parts of the island are rainy.
Dry season lasts there from May to
September. It means that at any given
moment there are sunny beaches and
places to walk.
The average temperature of beaches is
30-25 degrees, making it possible to
travel at the rainy season.
In the highlands of Candy and Nouralia
the average temperature is 22-16
degrees, and the nights are cold.
Amounts of rainfall in the south reach
-3500-4000 mm per year, compared with
the dry region that gets "only" 1000 mm
Tropical vegetation accompanies the
traveler wherever he goes. The various
forms of green, which is the dominant
color on the island, are giving a
feeling of natural greenhouse throughout
Food and Drink
Sri Lanka has always been a source of
spices, and it also can offer plenty of
dishes that suit all tastes and palates.
Basic food is made of curried rice, but
you will find here a vast selection of
fruits and vegetables throughout the
year, combined with many fish and
seafood - all food here always contains
the coconut oil and milk that gives
unique aroma to the local menu.
Sri Lanka's meal – is typically based on
rice, with number of curry vegetable,
fresh fish or dry fish ("Carol") fried
with Chili or red onion.
Please, do not be ashamed to imitate the
natives, who eat with their hands. Just
mixing and crunching of all the
ingredients with rice brings real taste
- if you try to taste each of the
components of the dish separately, the
dominant taste would be too strong for
the Western palate.
When you go to buy bananas in Sri Lanka,
remember that there are more than 20
different types of bananas: small, large
as an arm, red, sweet, salty and even
some that are intended only for cooking.
Each type has its unique name.
Throughout the year you will find in Sri
Lanka delicious variety of healthy
tropical fruits, including papaya,
mango, pineapple, Carrambolla and guava.
Less familiar fruit Rambutane (kind of
lichee, but hairy on the outside),
Mangos (another one from lichee's fruit
family), giant Fruit of Jack and Durian
- are all delicious. For those who
prefer more standard fruits, can find
here apples, grapes and citrus, some of
them are imported (mainly from
Traditional desserts of Sri Lanka are
based mostly on coconut milk. "Watlapah
"is a pudding made of coconut milk, eggs
and sugar. Grated coconut mixed with
sugar, cinnamon, and different spices
used to fill a kind of delicious
Yogurt made of buffalo's milk is sold in
any "kada" (local grocery) in pottery;
usually it is mixed with natural honey.
Delicious, cheap and healthy!
Snacks for the day: You can taste the
"Roti" - a kind of pita bread made with
flour and coconut rice. They are often
served with spicy curry on a side, and
sometimes it is cute and mixed with
eggs, vegetables, or fried chicken
Another snack is "Wada "- ground lentils
with spices, deep-fried into little
balls and served with onions and chili
Another option - whole steamed chickpeas
mixed with onions, coconut and spices.
"Hapha" is a type of pancake made of
rice flour and eggs, madden in a metal
bowl over a high flame, served with an
egg ("Bitara hapha") or honey ("Fannie
hapha"). Another common breakfast of Sri
Lanka is the "Shring Huphasa "- a kind
of noodles served with curry and
Most widespread seafood you can buy on
the beaches, the fish is served fresh
just from the Indian Ocean, rich with
different types of fish and other marine
habitants. Shrimps of all sizes, many
huge lobsters at the beaches and
mangrove lagoon. Tuna, pot mulatto and
others are prepeared in a variety of
Local non-alcoholic soft drink that
fights thirst very well is "Tamily",
made of milk (in fact - water) of young
orange coconut that can be opened with
the help of sharp knife using – a
wonderful solution to the hot climate.
Mineral water and soft drinks are
available everywhere, including
Coffee can be found mainly in hotels.
Ceylon, the world's largest tea
manufacturer, is specialized, of course,
on tea. You can try all the flavors, and
excellent milk tea.
Popular alcoholic drink is local arrack
made (of course) from coconut.
And for beer admires - the local beer
"Lain" is definitely of a good quality.
It is strongly recommended to avoid a
trip when it is dark. The combination of
rickety roads condition, weak lighting
and pedestrians used to walk in complete
darkness - are a checked recipe for a
danger, especially for a driver who has
no skills to drive on the island.
Some roads, especially in Nouralia and
Horton plains, require a high driving
skill and experience at the wheel.
For these reasons, the ideal way to
travel in Sri Lanka for those whose
holyday lasts up to three weeks is with
a vehicle and personal driver / guide.
You can hire self-drive vehicles, but
rather at a glance the overall movement
to discourage the idea: a stream of
bicycles, motorcycles, ox-carts, Cars,
buses and trucks are mixed together,
when traffic laws are only a
recommendation, roads condition requires
a skilled driver who knows the roads
There are two main types of buses: local
and intercity. Local bus is not air
conditioned, it stops occasionally at
each station, compresses the passengers
without limitation. Everything is done
quietly- that is so typical of Sri
Intercity buses – are air-conditioned,
with a limited amount of transported
passengers. Most of them are express and
almost don't take any passengers from
the road. You should refrain from
traveling at night because of the roads
Train in Sri Lanka is a special
experience. There are long lines for
• third class - compresses people
unlimitedly, some of them hanged on the
carriage between heaven and earth.
Despite additional carriages received
from China the local government has a
difficult plight of the lines on
weekdays - mostly to/ from Colombo.
• The second class - there are marked
seats and it is quite comfortable.
• First Class - exists only in certain
lines, you can enjoy an air conditioning
and saved seats.
Special train is the train from Colombo
to Badola. By appointment there is an
advance to sit in a half- transparent
carriage that gives a panoramic view.
During the journey train passes through
spectacular green landscapes of jungles
and tea plantations from horizon to
In the train you can buy local food and
fruits from local peddlers that offer
its products to everyone .
The train station in central Colombo is
called "Fort". Near the entrance you
will find a branch of the Sri – Lanka's
Ministry of Tourism, officials will be
happy to provide an answer to every
question, including train times, ticket
prices and guidance to tourists passing
You should refrain from traveling on
national holidays or days of "Poya"
(Full Moon Festival in June), because
the trains and stations are overfilled
and passages are long delayed.
TokTok known from East Asia referred
here also as Trawler and is convenient
transportation option in crowded cities.
It is Important and even necessary to
check the price before getting on the
TokToak. Local drivers may charge the
foreign tourists a price that can be
five or ten times higher than when they
charge locals. You can haggle politely,
and listen to driver complaints about
fuel price and the condition of the
roads, just like every taxi driver in
You should know that if the driver would
have to wait or stop many times, the
price will change despite the price
arranged in advance.
Traveling to Colombo from Fort area to
Ambalipeteia area (Central Hotel) costs
about 500 rupees ($ 5).
Yoga and meditation www.yoga.co.il
Tourism - The official website of the
Ministry of Tourism Sri Lanka
Local Medicine www.ayuryeda.org.il
The books about
"A VILLAGE IN THE JUNGLE"
Written by Leonard Wolf. The book
describes the daily life in the village
of early 20th century.
"RUNNING IN THE FAMILY"
Written by Michael Andagy. It describes
Michael's returning to Sri Lanka in the
70s after a period he was outside the
island, who experiences the changes of
Description of the discovery of
archaeological sites by a British
researcher in the first half of the 20th
"A FIELD GUIDE TO THE BIRD OF SRI LANKA"
Written by Saarrt Kotagmaah. The book
describes the variety of birds in Sri
Lanka, in English and Sinhalese.
"TREKKERS GUIDE TO SRILANKA"
Walking routes in a different levels of
difficulty throughout the jungles,
beaches, temples and cities on the
"SAVAGE SANCTUARY" Islanders
Written by R. L. Aspeteal. The writer
spent long time living with the
islanders Wadaot that have been guarding
the lifestyle and tradition for
thousands of years.
"A PERSONAL ODYSSEY"
A picture Book of Michel Fernando, one
of the most famous island photographers.
The book describes the natural world and
cultural diversity of the Ceylon Island.
Written by Karen Roberts. The book tells
the story of two neighbors, Sinhaleseese
and Tamale growing together in the
shadow of civil war.