seasons recommended for visiting
Sri Lanka, which lies close
to the equator, is characterized by
tropical climate country and it is
blessed with many beautiful sceneries.
There are two Monsoons in Sri Lanka.
Between May and August in the western
and southern parts are under the
influence of monsoon. Region's dry
season is from December to March.
From October to January the Northern and
Eastern parts of the island are rainy.
Dry season lasts there from May to
September. It means that at any given
moments there are sunny beaches and
places to walk.
The average temperature of beaches is
30-25 degrees, making it possible to
travel at the rainy season.
In the highlands of Kandy and Nuwara
Eliya, the average temperature is 22-16
degrees, and the nights are cold.
Amounts of rainfall in the south reach
-3500-4000 mm per year, compared with
the dry region that gets "only" 1000 mm
Tropical vegetation accompanies the
traveler wherever he goes. The various
forms of green, which is the dominant
color of the island, are giving a
feeling of natural greenhouse throughout
Food and Drink
Sri Lanka has always been a source of
spices, and it can also offer plenty of
dishes that suit all tastes and palates.
Basic food is made of rice with curries,
but you will find here a vast selection
of fruits and vegetables throughout the
year. Combined with many fish and
seafood, all the food here always
contain the coconut oil and milk that
give unique aroma to the local menu.
Sri Lanka's meal – is typically based on
rice, with number of curries of
vegetables, fresh fish or dry fish
("Carol") fried with Chili or red onion.
Please, do not be ashamed to imitate the
natives, who eat with their hands. Just
mixing and crunching all the ingredients
with rice brings a real taste. If you
try to taste each of the components of
the dish separately, the dominant taste
would be too strong for the Western
When you go to buy bananas in Sri Lanka,
remember that there are more than 20
different types of bananas: small, large
as an arm, red, sweet, salty and even
some that are intended only for cooking.
Each type has its unique name.
Throughout the year you will find in Sri
Lanka delicious variety of healthy
tropical fruits, including papaya,
mango, pineapple, Carrambolla and guava.
Less familiar fruit Rambutane (kind of
lichee, but hairy on the outside),
Mangos (another one from lichee's fruit
family), giant Fruit of Jack and Durian
- are all delicious. For those who
prefer more standard fruits, can find
here apples, grapes and citrus, some of
them are imported (mainly from
Traditional desserts of Sri Lanka are
mostly based on coconut milk.
"Watalappan "is a pudding made of
coconut milk, eggs and sugar. Grated
coconut mixed with sugar, cinnamon, and
different spices are used to fill a kind
of delicious pan cakes.
Yogurt which is made of buffalo's milk
is sold in any "kada" (local grocery) in
pottery; usually it is mixed with
natural honey. It is delicious, cheap
As snacks for the day, you can taste the
"Roti" - a kind of bread made with flour
and coconut rice. They are often served
with spicy curry on a side, and
sometimes it is cute and mixed with
eggs, vegetables, or fried chicken on a
Another snack is "Wade " which is made
of ground lentils with spices,
deep-fried into little balls and served
with onions and chili red.
Another option is steamed chickpeas
mixed with onions, coconut and spices.
"Hapha" is a type of pancake made of
rice flour and eggs, madden in a metal
bowl over a high flame, served with an
egg ("Bitara hapha") or honey ("Fannie
hapha"). Another common breakfast of Sri
Lanka is the "Shring Huphasa "- a kind
of noodles served with curry and
Most widespread seafood you can buy on
the beaches, the fish is served fresh
just from the Indian Ocean, rich with
different types of fish and other marine
habitants. Shrimps of all sizes, many
huge lobsters at the beaches and
mangrove lagoon. Tuna, pot mulatto and
others are prepeared in a variety of
Local non-alcoholic soft drink that
fights against thirst very well is
"Tambili" (king coconut water). Young
orange coconut that can be opened with
the help of sharp knife is a wonderful
solution to the hot climate.
Mineral water and soft drinks are
available everywhere, including
excellent ginger drinks.
Coffee can be found mainly in hotels.
Ceylon, the world's largest tea
manufacturer, is specialized, of course,
on tea. You can try all the flavors, and
excellent milk tea.
Popular alcoholic drink is local arrack
made (of course) from coconut.
And for beer admires - the local beer
"Lion" is definitely with a good
It is strongly recommended to avoid a
trip when it is dark. The combination of
rickety roads condition and weak
lighting are the main reasons for not to
walk in complete darkness. It is very
dangerous especially for a driver who
has no skills to drive on this island.
Some roads, especially in Nuwara Eliya
and Horton plains, it is required a high
driving skills and experience.
For these reasons, the ideal way to
travel in Sri Lanka for those whose
holiday lasts up to three weeks is with
a vehicle and a personal driver / guide.
You can hire self-drive vehicles, but if
your avoid driving by yourself is better
because there are streams of bicycles,
motorcycles, ox-carts, cars, buses and
trucks on roads. As traffic laws are
only a recommendation for roads’ safety,
it is required a skilled driver who
knows the roads well.
There are two main types of buses: local
and intercity. Local bus is not air
conditioned. It stops occasionally at
each station, compresses the passengers
without limitation. Everything is not
done quietly- That is so typical nature
in Sri Lankan state.
Intercity buses are air-conditioned,
with a limited amount of transported
passengers. Most of them are express
buses and almost those don't take any
passengers from the road. You should
refrain from traveling at night because
of the roads and lighting.
Traveling by a train in Sri Lanka is a
special experience. There are long lines
for three departures:
•The third class - Compresses people
unlimitedly. Some of them hanged on the
carriage. Despite additional carriages
received from China to the local
government have a difficult plight of
the lines on weekdays - mostly from/to
• The Second class - There are marked
seats and it is quite comfortable.
• First Class - Exists only in certain
lines, you can enjoy an air conditioning
and reserved seats.
Special train is the train from Colombo
to Badulla. By an appointment there is
an advantage to sit in a half-
transparent carriage that gives a
panoramic view. During the journey train
passes through spectacular green
landscapes of jungles and tea
plantations all over the area.
In the train you can buy local food and
fruits from local peddlers that offer
its products to everyone.
The train station in central Colombo is
called "Fort". Near the entrance you
will find a branch of the Sri – Lanka's
Ministry of Tourism and the officials
will be happy to provide an answer to
every question, including train times,
ticket prices and guidance to tourists
passing the station.
You should refrain from traveling on
national holidays or days of "Poya"
because the trains and stations are
overfilled and passages are long
Tuk Tuk which is known from East Asia
referred here also as a three wheeler
and it is convenient transportation
option in crowded cities. It is
important and even necessary to check
the price before getting into the Tuk
tuk. Local drivers may charge the
foreign tourists a price that can be
five or ten times higher than when they
charge from locals. You can haggle
politely, and listen to the driver’s
complaints about fuel price and the
condition of the roads, just like every
taxi driver in the world.
You should know that if the driver has
to wait or stop for several times, the
price will change into higher amount.
Tuk tuk chargers per kilometer is around
0.4 US$ in Sri Lanka.
Yoga and meditation www.yoga.co.il
Tourism - The official website of the
Ministry of Tourism Sri Lanka
Local Medicine www.ayuryeda.org.il
The books about
"A VILLAGE IN THE JUNGLE"
Written by Leonard Wolf. The book
describes the daily life in the village
of early 20th century.
"RUNNING IN THE FAMILY"
Written by Michael Andagy. It describes
Michael's returning to Sri Lanka in the
70s after a period he was outside the
island, who experiences the changes of
Description of the discovery of
archaeological sites by a British
researcher in the first half of the 20th
"A FIELD GUIDE TO THE BIRD OF SRI LANKA"
Written by Saarrt Kotagmaah. The book
describes the variety of birds in Sri
Lanka, in English and Sinhalese.
"TREKKERS GUIDE TO SRILANKA"
Walking routes in a different levels of
difficulty throughout the jungles,
beaches, temples and cities on the
"SAVAGE SANCTUARY" Islanders
Written by R. L. Aspeteal. The writer
spent long time living with the
islanders Wadaot that have been guarding
the lifestyle and tradition for
thousands of years.
"A PERSONAL ODYSSEY"
A picture Book of Michel Fernando, one
of the most famous island photographers.
The book describes the natural world and
cultural diversity of the Ceylon Island.
Written by Karen Roberts. The book tells
the story of two neighbors, Sinhaleseese
and Tamale growing together in the
shadow of civil war.